(*…this is a lie…)
With many nations rushing military aid to Ukraine to help repel the Russian invasion of that country, I thought it might be of interest to some to try to log just what, how much and by whom this equipment is being supplied.
And to be honest, it is basically impossible.
But as best as I can tell, at the time of publishing, here are the contributions made on a country-by-country basis.
Please note, this will be a far from complete list, as I can only go on publicly available sources, plus I shall limit it to military equipment, as the vast amounts of humanitarian aid being supplied by countries and organizations across the world to Ukraine would probably take me literally all week to read out.
Not a lot of information here, but the Albanian government has stated that they have supplied Ukraine with “military equipment” but not specified exactly what.
Australia has supplied six M777 155mm howitzers for use by the Ukrainian Armed Forces, plus twenty Bushmaster personnel carriers. They have also announced that they intend to send an additional twenty Bushmasters, plus fourteen M113 Armored Personnel Carriers that they shall draw from their reserve stocks.
Australia has also donated several hundred million dollars’ worth of other military equipment and ammunition.
Though not supposedly meant for military use, but rather to protect civilians, Austria has supplied 10,000 helmets and an unspecified quantity of body armour.
Belgium was an early supplier of small arms to Ukraine, sending 2,000 FN FNC rifles, which have been seen mainly in the hands of foreign volunteers. This was followed up by an announcement at the end of February that the country would be sending another 3,000 “machine guns” and 200 “anti-tank weapons,” and Belgium is currently believed to have supplied 10,000 small arms.
In addition to the FNC, photos exist of troops in Ukraine using the FN 2000 and FN SCAR rifles, though whether this was aid from Belgium, another country or a batch purchased by Ukraine pre-war is unknown.
As for the “anti-tank weapons”, honestly, your guess is as good as mine, but I suspect it was M72 LAW rockets, a simple and cheap expedient at the time.
Reports in the Belgian press in April state that the Belgian government intended to send their fifth shipment of supplies, and that this would include guided anti-tank missiles. My guess is that this was composed of MILAN launchers and missiles, which the Belgian army is in the process of replacing, and which other suppliers are known to have sent.
Bit of a tricky one this, because the Bulgarian government traditionally tried to stay on good terms with Russia, though the war in Ukraine has diminished this relationship considerably. Nonetheless, Bulgaria, unlike most other contributors, tends to be much quieter on what it is supplying. Officially, the Bulgarians have supplied two thousand helmets and bullet proof vests, for civilian usage.
In fact, Bulgaria has long been a major supplier of small arms ammunition, RPGs, grenades and artillery shells to Ukraine, as it still has large Soviet-era arms complexes that produce the same calibres as used by the Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF). In fact, aircraft trackers show NATO military aircraft leaving daily from Bulgaria to supply depots in Poland, the assumption being these carry supplies for the Ukrainians.
The open secret that Bulgaria is a major supplier is graphically illustrated by the fact that the country’s exports in March reached its highest level. Ever.
But in terms of specifics, that’s about as good as I can give you.
Another country to have supplied Ukraine with M777 howitzers, Canada has sent four of these guns, along with an unspecified quantity of GPS-guided Excalibur shells to go with them
Canada has also supplied 100 M2 Carl Gustav anti-tank launchers, along with 2,000 rounds of ammunition for them, and 4,500 M72 LAW’s. Additionally, they have provided considerable quantities of hand grenades, surveillance drones, body armour and night vision gear.
They also plan to supply eight Roshel Senator 4×4 APCs and possibly LAV infantry vehicles.
Croatia has stated that they have donated 16.5 million Euros in military aid, which some sources state includes 20,000 Zastava M70 rifles that date back to the days of Yugoslavia. As Croatia has long taken these weapons out of service and placed them in storage, and these types of rifles have been seen in Ukraine, it is entirely possible that this is correct.
The Czechs have been a major supporter of the Ukrainians and have been pretty open about what they have sent. They are the first on this list to supply actual tanks to Ukraine, with them having sent at least 12 T-72 tanks, with the intention of transferring at least forty in total.
They have also supplied considerable numbers of Infantry Fighting Vehicles, with at least five Czech-built variants of the BMP-1 being given, as well as the Czech government transferring another 56 PbV-501s, which are a variant built by the former East Germany and which the Swedes had purchased at the end of the Cold War. These were then purchased from the Swedes and, with the permission of Germany, sent to Ukraine.
The Czech’s were also one of the first country’s to supply Ukraine with artillery. At least twenty, probably more, DANA 152mm self-propelled guns have been transferred, as well an unknown quantity of 122mm 2S1 self-propelled guns. They have also supplied at least twenty RM-70 Multiple Rocket Launcher Systems.
For air defence, the Czechs have provided ten Strela-2 launchers, NATO designation SA-7, and one hundred and sixty missiles to go with them, as well as the vehicle-based Strela-10, NATO designation SA-13.
They have also supplied considerable quantities of small arms. Officially, the list includes:
But several modern BREN 2 rifles of Czech manufacture have been seen in use with the UAF, as well as RPG-75 light anti-tank weapons. There have even been pictures of rather rare CZ 807s, which is surprising.
The Czech Republic has announced they have supplied millions of rounds of ammunition, and it would be surprising if they hadn’t also given munitions like 122mm rockets and artillery shells, 152mm artillery shells, Soviet-origin anti-tank missiles and RPG rockets that both they and the Ukrainians use. There are also report that they will now send Mi-24 attack helicopters as well.
Denmark has supplied 300 Stinger missiles, 2,700 M72 LAWs, twenty-five Sky Watch Heidrun tactical reconnaissance drones, 120mm mortars and munitions to go with them and two thousand sets of body armour.
They are now planning on sending fifty M113 tracked and twenty-five Piranha III wheeled armoured personnel carriers and recent reports are that Denmark is to send shore-based Harpoon anti-ship missiles as well.
Estonia has also been one of the main suppliers of Ukraine, with some estimates that it has expended a third of its annual defence budget on assistance. This has translated into thousands of tons of equipment being shipped.
Officially, Finland has transferred 2,500 rifles and 1,500 light anti-tank weapons. My best guess is that the latter are APILAS, which were in use by the UAF before the invasion, and old Chinese-made Type 56 rifle’s taken from reserve inventories. I also suspect that Finland is providing considerably more in terms of ammunition and other sundry support, but they sensibly don’t seem to want to antagonize the neighbours by broadcasting the fact.
A major arms supplier to Ukraine before the war, France has sent considerable quantities since the Russian invasion. Amongst these are Javelin and MILAN anti-tank missiles, and probably Mistral anti-aircraft missiles as well as APILAS light anti-tank rockets. France is also reported to have supplied advanced electro-optical and thermal observation equipment.
The French have also stated that they intend to supply up to 12 CAESAR 155mm self-propelled howitzers and tens of thousands of shells along with them.
Though Germany’s policies on supplying Ukraine have seemed to seesaw, there is no denying that they are a major supplier.
Most importantly at the current moment is their stated intention to supply seven PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers. These are some of the most advanced weapons of their type in the world, and though very few in numbers would be invaluable to the UAF.
But the German’s aren’t planning to send them until July, under current plans, and quite frankly until the guns are in Ukraine, that counts for nothing.
Similar is the German government’s talk of supplying fifty Gepard anti-aircraft vehicles.
Once again, they state these won’t be available until July, plus with talk of not being able to provide ammunition for them we shall have to see what actually occurs.
In terms of what has been sent, well, that is still a considerable quantity. Germany has supplied 5,100 MATADOR light anti-tank weapons, three thousand Panzerfaust 3 anti-tank weapons (though I assume that is rockets and not 3,000 launchers) and 500 stinger anti-aircraft missiles.
Somewhat less useful were 2,700 ancient Strela-2 MANPADS that dated from the Cold War and many of which were, somewhat unsurprisingly, reported to be defective.
However, Germany has also supplied over 5,000 anti-tank mines, 23,000 helmets, over 20,000 sets of body armour and 100,000 hand grenades. They have also reportedly supplied 100 MG3 machine guns, and over ten million rounds of ammunition. Additionally, they have supplied night vision gear and tactical drones.
Another contribution Germany is making is by supplying modern NATO standard weapons to countries sending Warsaw Pact weapons to Ukraine, an example of which is the sending of Leopard II tanks to the Czech Republic in exchange for the tanks that country sent to Ukraine.
Greece has supplied Ukraine with 20,000 “AK-47 type” rifles. These apparently were part of an arms seizure made in 2013 of a shipment that originated from, ironically, Ukraine!
Greece in fact became a major user of Soviet origin weapons post-Cold War, which explains why they have also supplied Ukraine with 815 RPG-18 light anti-tank rockets, which were known to be in inventory, as well as 122mm artillery rockets. They have also been asked about supplying S-300 long-range anti-aircraft missiles but have so far declined.
Iran, I hear you say? Well, in a roundabout fashion.
Iranian weapons are apparently being used by Ukrainian forces, as was spotted by the eagle-eyed watchers of Ukraine Weapons Tracker on Twitter. This is an Iranian-made mortar, which they produce in 81mm for their own use and in 82mm for export.
And one the biggest users of the latter are the Houthi’s of Yemen, several of whose arm’s shipments have been seized by the US Navy in the Gulf, some of which I have covered in the past because they are substantial and can include some extremely advanced weaponry.
So, the suspicion is that the US, with large quantities of seized Iranian shipments sitting in warehouses, has decided they might be usefully employed in Ukraine.
Ireland has supplied 9 million Euros worth of non-lethal equipment, amongst which are combat helmets.
Another country that has stated it has supplied Ukraine but been scant on details, Italy has reportedly sent an undisclosed number of mortars, Stinger missiles, M2 Browning heavy machine guns, Beretta MG42/59 light machine guns and MILAN and Panzerfaust anti-tank weapons.
Japan has sent unspecified quantities of body armour and combat helmets.
Another Baltic state that is keen to assist Ukraine, Lativa has provided Stinger missiles, combat helmets and ninety UAVs, possibly the Penguin C.
Once again, Lithuania plays their cards close to their chests, but they state that they have donated 120 mm mortars, anti-tank weapons, Stinger anti-aircraft missiles, ammunition, grenades, machine guns and submachine guns. Specific they might not be, but I suspect they have sent examples of just about everything they have in their inventory.
In fact they, possibly along with their Baltic brethren, are the likely donors of American-made M14 rifles that have been seen in Ukrainian use and which they themselves received in the post-Cold War period as military aid.
Luxembourg state that they have supplied one hundred NLAW light anti-tank weapons to Ukraine. That was in February, so it might well be more than that and other articles by now.
Montenegro is another country that has limited itself to supplying non-lethal aid in the shape of helmets and armour.
The Netherlands is a major supplier of weapons to Ukraine, though they have now imposed a restriction on details for security reasons.
The government initial contribution was composed of:
Five Firefinder artillery-locating radars.
Two Squire tactical battlefield surveillance radars.
Ten Barret M82 and ninety Accuracy International AX-50 anti-material rifles, and 30,000 .50 calibre rounds of ammunition.
Two Seafox remote operated underwater mine detection vehicles.
Fifty Stinger launchers with two hundred missiles.
Fifty Panzerfaust 3s with four hundred rockets and several thousand helmets and sets of body armor.
The Dutch government has also stated that they intend to supply five advanced PzH 2000 self-propelled guns, adding to the seven from Germany.
In addition, Dutch YPR-765 APCs have been seen in Ukrainian hands.
These are an improved versions of the M113 and the Netherlands had 500 in storage. They now seem to be sending them to the UAF.
New Zealand’s initial contribution was to provide 473 helmets and 1,066 sets of body armour. They have since donated around US$ 5 million to buying weapons and ammunition for Ukraine, plus providing training teams.
North Macedonia has publicly stated that they are supplying arms to Ukraine. Details are scant but the assumption is that this is enabling the country to send quantities of their Soviet-origin weaponry that dates to before the breakup of Yugoslavia and exchange it for NATO compatible equipment.
Norway is another Russian neighbour that, probably unsurprisingly, has taken a dim view of Russia’s invasion and contributed to Ukraine’s defence. Officially, they have contributed four thousand LAW anti-tank rockets, helmets, body armour and their entire stock of Mistral anti-aircraft missiles, which apparently is one hundred missiles and an unknown, assembly lesser, number of launchers.
But the Norwegians have, like most others, now gone schtum on further supplies. This has led to speculation on the sudden pulling of M109 self-propelled howitzers from storage and being seen driven around on semi-tractors on the country’s roads, with reports being that twenty will be supplied to Ukraine.
In terms of quantities of heavy weapons, Poland is the lead supplier to Ukraine, which considering the Poles and Russians mutual histories, probably isn’t too surprising. Poland is the big provider of tanks, with between 230 and 240 T-72s being supplied from Polish stocks. Pictures of these in action and modified with ERA blocks have already become public.
The Poles have also supplied at least forty BVP-1 infantry fighting vehicles, the Polish built version of the BMP. In addition, they have supplied over twenty 122mm 2S1 self-propelled howitzers and a comparable number of BM-21 ‘Grad’ Multiple Rocket Launchers.
In terms of Polish-made weaponry seen in Ukrainian hands, it is known that they have supplied considerable quantities of RPG-76 light anti-tank weapons, LMP-0217 60mm mortars, Piorun MANPADS, grenade launchers and Kbk wz. 88 Tantal and Grot C16A2 rifles.
#Ukraine: It seems the military aid keeps flowing to Ukraine – this time the Ukrainian forces received a batch of MSBS Grot C16A2 5.56mm assault rifles from Poland – how many were supplied is unclear.
These are very modern rifles and are operated by the Polish Armed forces. pic.twitter.com/1xcn1kNBWz
— 🇺🇦 Ukraine Weapons Tracker (@UAWeapons) May 11, 2022
Other armoured vehicles apparently sent are an unknown quantity of AMZ Dzik-2 infantry mobility vehicles.
To be honest, the Poles are probably sending examples of everything they produce, as well as vast quantities of munitions. For example, Poland is one of the few countries that has openly supplied air-to-air missiles, with one hundred R-73s provided for use by the Ukrainian Air Force.
Portugal is apparently quite open about what they have sent and plan to send. Already dispatched are G3 rifles, night vison gear, grenades and all sorts of ammunition.
They have also sent four Iveco M 40.12 WM/P Infantry vehicles, plus have announced they intend to send fifteen M113s APCs and five 5 M114A1 155mm howitzers, which would mean another campaign for this World War Two stalwart!
Romania, like Bulgaria, is one of those NATO countries that still has factories capable of producing quantities of Soviet-origin ammunition and compatible small arms for export. Officially, Romania has only donated non-lethal equipment, but the amount of NATO military flights that leave the country for the logistics centres in Poland suggests that they are a major supplier.
Slovakia’s big official contribution was supplying an S-300 anti-aircraft missile battery. This is the standard system used by the Ukrainians and trying to source replacements has been a priority for nations supporting Ukraine.
Additionally, Slovakia has supplied parts for Ukrainian Air Force MiGs, and probably ordnance for them. They have also supplied unspecified types of anti-tank and anti-aircraft weapons to the UAF, as well as munitions.
Interestingly, ammo seen was produced by the Slovak company MSM Group. It is of recent manufacture, which has an incomparably greater reliability compared to old Soviet stocks.
They were likely supplied as part of military aid from Slovakia-enabling use of old stored UA weapons. pic.twitter.com/mmgJNSKyra
— 🇺🇦 Ukraine Weapons Tracker (@UAWeapons) May 11, 2022
Slovenia has supplied helmets, firearms and ammunition to Ukraine, but is now apparently in the process of sending M-84 tanks, a Yugoslavian version of the T-72, for which they are reportedly going to receive German Leopard IIs in exchange.
South Korea has supplied an undisclosed amount of uniform and personal military gear.
Spain has sent an unspecified amount and type of small arms, along with ammunition, as well as 1,370 Instalaza C-90 light anti-tank weapons. They have also provided twenty URO VAMTAC infantry vehicles and one NG-31 armoured ambulance
Again, another Russian neighbor alarmed by their behavior, Sweden has provided at least 10,000 AT4 light anti-tank weapons, 5,000 M90 helmets and 5,000 sets of body armour.
Turkey’s most famous contribution to Ukraine is Bayraktar TB2 drones. Again, the Turks are close-mouthed about how many have been supplied, and as the system was in use with the UAF before the conflict and exact losses are unknown it is impossible to be sure how many are in use, but estimate range from twenty to fifty.
Also observed now in UAF service are mini-Bayraktars, which are a small tactical reconnaissance drone.
Turkey is likely also supplying other items from their stockpiles and extensive arms industry, but there are no current details on this.
An early supporter of Ukraine, the UK started shipping weapons before the conflict broke out. So far, an estimated 6,900 NLAW anti-tank weapons have been supplied, alongside an unspecified amount of Javelin anti-tank launchers and missiles.
Also included in the anti-tank warfare bracket are an unknown number of Brimstone missiles, which I reported on previously and which appear to be now in front line use.
For air defence, the UK has supplied a small number of Starstreak mounted on Stormer armored vehicles, as well as an undetermined number of Martlet MANPADS; the latter have apparently become quite popular for shooting down Russian drones.
The UK has also committed to delivering thirty-five FV 103 Spartan APCs, as well as another forty tracked armoured vehicles, which is suspected to be made up of a mix of Samaritan ambulances, Samson recovery vehicles and Scimitar scout tanks.
They have also said they will donate another eighty wheeled armoured vehicles, made up of a combination of Mastiff MRAPs, Wolfhound Heavy Tactical Support Vehicles and Husky Tactical Support Vehicles.
One mystery was a stated desire by the British government to supply “heavy artillery” to Ukraine, which inspired questions as to what that would be exactly, as the British military doesn’t have a lot of it on hand. That seem to have been resolved by a statement from the New Zealanders that they are going to assist British efforts to train Ukrainian troops to use the L118/119 series of light howitzers.
Though not ideal, these guns are in widespread usage and quite a few of Ukraine’s supporters use them or have them in reserve in some numbers.
The Brits have also said that they have supplied unspecified electronic warfare equipment and counter-artillery radars, and that they intend to send Malloy Aeronautics T150 cargo drones, which is novel.
The USA has now signed the new Lend Lease Act, so this information, what there is of it, is basically obsolete the moment you read it. That’s how much the US is sending to Ukraine, and they have spent or committed to spend something close to fifty billion dollars in equipment for the UAF.
But, of the officially declared quantities at writing, they have sent:
108 M777 155mm artillery pieces,
Five Mil Mi-17,
Three patrol boats,
Over twenty radar sets for air defence and artillery locating,
300 grenade launchers,
600 machine guns, probably M240 and M2 Browning’s which have both appeared in Ukraine,
Literally hundreds of Humvees,
1,000 “light anti-armour weapons”, which I assume are M72 LAWs and SMAWs,
6,000 AT4 anti-armour systems,
Several hundred Switchblade loitering munitions,
121 Phoenix Ghost loitering munitions.
In terms of other small arms, it seems more complex as officially the USA has sent 5,000 rifles. But while increasing numbers of M4s do appear to be getting pictured, a whole host of other weapons of American origin have been sighted.
In fact, Matt at The Armorer’s Bench has done a whole video just on Savage Arms rifles in use in Ukraine.
In fact, both Kimber Arms and Kel-Tec, both private American firearms manufacturers, have pledged to donate several hundred examples of their wares to the UAF.
So basically, anything could end up getting sent, but I suspect that M16s and M4s are going to get a lot more prevalent in coming months.
The US has also pledged to send another 11 Mi-17 military helicopters, which were originally intended for Afghanistan, and 200 M113 APCs.
And that, I think about wraps it up. I need to reiterate again that this list is definitely very far from complete, with large quantities of weapons underreported, plus I have not really gone into the vast amounts of other basic equipment and ammunition that is being supplied to Ukraine.
But with the war still very much in the balance, expect the amounts of weapons being shipped to rise substantially.
So, if you want to do your own tracking, I advise the following as sources.
For following the supply of big-ticket items like tanks, keep an eye on the Oryx Blog page on the issue of what has been sent and what is proposed.
For tracking the individual systems as they are identified, down to grenade types, try Ukraine Weapons Tracker on Twitter – an example of autists being autists at their finest.
For tracking British commitments, the UK Defence Journal is very good.
And, for a general round up on officially declared figures, there is actually a pretty good Wikipedia page.